Text : The Pazo de Lourizán, as well as the other Galician ancestral homes, adapted itself to time and circumstances with regard to its use, which varied from a farm to a familiar house, from a summer resort to a center of forest research. The ancestral home preserves the house as well as the land, formed by a fabulous monumental flora, preserving the hereditary structure of the Montero Ríos period. It was fitted out as a farm in the 15th century, and from this period it preserves the crenellated dovecot with circular floor. By the end of 19th century, it became the season residence of Eugenio Montero Ríos, lawyer and politician, who made Lourizán become a place of rest, and a center of the social and political life, where politicians, journalists, and important figures of this period used to go. The Pontevedra Deputation acquired the ancestral home by the beginning of the 40s. In 1943, it transferred it to the Ministry of Education to use it as Centro Regional de Enseñanzas, Investigaciones y Experiencias Forestales (regional center of forest research, learning and experiences). In 1946 it became the Escuela Técnica Superior de Montes (school of forests). Today, it is integrated in the structure of the Centro de Desarrollo Sostenible of the Consejería de Medio Ambiente (center of sustainable development of the regional ministry of environment). The Centro de Investigaciones Ambientales y Forestales of Lourizán has as main purposes the protection, conservation, and advance of the forest patrimony of Galicia. The magnificent building, of Romantic style, was built by Genaro de Lana Fuente Domínguez. You gain access to it through a stone staircase of imperial style, guarded by 2 statues. The central part is enhanced by a coat of arms and a clock, in the place where the Galician ancestral homes usually have a shield. Besides, in the central part of the building there are 2 lateral wings, of lighter style, a mixing of modernist classicism, where the stone is the principal material, as well as in the columns, in the balconies and in the classical decoration elements of every corner of the building. A great terrace occupies the top part with stone pilasters and elaborate vases. The stone and the crystal are 2 main elements of the palace, crystal windows making the form of galleries allow the entrance of the light, transforming the interior in a corridor where the garden enters. Besides, Lourizán is surrounded by land, 54 hectares, distributed between the garden, the land, and the grove, result of the union between agriculture, botany and the country life. The different periods left marks in the land. The original farm, the noble garden and the center of forest research, made possible the confluence between science, art and nature, in a mixing that reflects beauty, tranquility, and harmony. Native trees: oaks, chestnut trees, birchs, as well as foreign species, mixed with camellias, vines and palm trees. There is a plant environment developed by French specialists in gardening, one part is devoted to vine culture, and other to exotic species like cypresses, Chile pines, cedars, magnolias, plane trees, privets, and other species.
Pazo de Lourizán - Foto 1
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