Text : The old harbor of As Corbaceiras, of which some remains are left, is situated in the Lérez river mouth, in the estuary of Pontevedra, at the low area of the city. Today, the importance of this harbor lies basically in its history. The maximum splendor of Pontevedra coincided with its relation with the sea in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. During this period, the city became one of the most relevant fishing and commercial ports of Galicia, and its importance brought about a population increase, as well as the creation of the powerful society of the Mareantes, owners of the seas. The historic vicissitudes and the floods that the port suffered, caused its conversion to a fluvial port, and it also caused a decrease in its commercial and transport importance. According to history, in this port with riverside shipyards, were built famous vessels, like those property of the admiral and troubadour Paio Gomes Chariño. He used these vessels during his trips to Sevilla to reconquer the city from the Arabs; or the vessel Santa María de Colón, referred to as La Gallega, by the famous Gremio de Mareantes. In A Moureira was born, in 1805, the famous pirat Benito de Soto, the last relevant pirat in the West, and the most important of the Spanish ones. Benito de Soto was killed in Gibraltar in 1830, after a brief but merciless race. Another important figure of the sailor’s tradition of Pontevedra is Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa (1532-1592), seafarer, cosmographer, mathematician, soldier, historian and expert in classical languages. He took part in the Álvaro de Mendaña expedition to discover the Salomon Islands. He also explored the Magellan Strait, and he drew really faithful cartographies of it, sketching its West entrance and an oceanic route faithful enough to appear in the exploration annals.
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